Sunday, November 12, 2017

Autumn Albums, Part 1


It’s a rare year indeed when so many of my bedrock artists of recent years put out new material, especially so close together, but this fall's releases are redefining "embarrassment of riches." Let's get right to it!

Hiss Golden Messenger - Hallelujah Anyhow Every record by M.C. Taylor is a labor of love, but this may be the most loving music he’s released yet. It comes hard on the heels of last year’s Heart Like A Levee, a sprawling double album shaded by its fair share of self-doubt, with many songs guided in part by the philosophy “You can’t choose your blues but you might as well own them.” This batch of songs is all together sunnier, a reflection of Taylor’s remarkable ability to use music to turn things around when things look bleak. 

There’s a looser, more collective vibe here, too, as if Taylor and his road band knocked these songs together at soundchecks and in rehearsal studios, driven by his relentless desire to get some positivity into a world filled with dark currents. Of course, when your band includes Brad and Phil Cook (bass and guitar, respectively), Josh Kaufman (guitars), Darren Jessie (drums) and people like Tift Merritt and Alexandra Sauser-Monnig on backing vocals, you’re talking Americana royalty, people who can get into a heartfelt groove on a moment’s notice. The horns are a nice touch as well, filling out songs like the re-recorded John The Gun, originally a haunting bit of solo folksong on the deluxe edition of Levee. 

The themes, melodies, rhythms, and instrumental touches will all be familiar to fans of Dylan, Van Morrison, Creedence Clearwater Revival and Michael Chapman -  if you want to call this “dad rock,” I think Taylor would wear the badge proudly. And this father of three connects instantly with Hiss Golden Messenger, something I can’t say for The War On Drugs, which others have embraced under that label. Maybe if my dad listened to Don Henley and Dire Straits, that would be different! 

Taylor continues to be one of the best songwriters around, and if a line like “Step back, Jack, from the darkness,” (from When The Wall Comes Down) is a little more on the nose than usual for this supremely literary lyricist, that may be what the times demand. Just as his use of "patriotic" motifs in the marketing for the album seeks to reclaim something too often associated with repressive parts of our society, a radio-friendly “classic rock,” or even “southern rock” gesture like Domino (Time Will Tell) may be a point of unity among groups who have lost the ability to converse easily. 

That may be too much weight to place on an album that contains, overall, Hiss Golden Messenger’s most effervescent music. And I can't completely ignore the fact that Hallelujah Anyhow does not cut as deep as my favorite from him, Lateness Of Dancers. But when so many American verities seem on the verge of blowing away, there’s more than enough integrity here to stand on as you wait out the storm. Catch HGM on the road - it's always a great night.

Beck - Colors As long as we’re talking politics and music, I think it’s funny that many people have predicted a great punk revival in the Trump era, as if that was the only movement that pushed against the harsher inclinations of the 70s, and I’m like, “Remember disco?” Bringing people together on the dance floor was just as radical an act as igniting a mosh pit, and maybe ultimately more effective. So I don’t think it’s any accident that Beck released his “Fuck art, let’s dance” album in 2017, even though it’s been in the works for years. 

Nothing is simple, though, and this may be Beck’s most divisive record yet, with people turned off by everything from the hyper-compressed production to the relentless cheerfulness of the thing. But if you give yourself over to the bright, shiny candy-colored surface - and Colors is almost all surface, like a James Rosenquist painting - it’s hard to stop smiling as the songs whirl past. Beck and his producer-in-crime Greg Kurstin (who also gets songwriting credit on most of the record) cook up each song for maximum enjoyment, each track filled with as many surprise and delight features as a concept car at the auto show. 

I hear echoes of Breton, Stewart Copeland, Benji Hughes, and The Beatles, all absorbed into Beck’s pop smoothies, each song sounding, somehow, unmistakably like no one other than him. That’s partly due to his distinctive, vibrato-free tenor, which is still as versatile as it was 20 years ago - he even raps a little, for the first time in several albums. While a downcast sincerity has been a hallmark of his folk-based work (Sea Change, Morning Phase), ironic detachment is a common mode for his upbeat, chopped and screwed side. That’s not the case here, as an open-hearted happiness infuses most of the album. But if irony is absent, there’s still plenty of sly surrealism. I would pay good money for a video of the moment in the studio when he inserted all those “Giddyups” into Wow - I look forward to them every time I listen. 

Unlike the great Morning Phase, however, Colors is not a perfect album. Fix Me is a half-baked song, ending the record on an ellipse when it should have gone out with a bang. Even if that had been...er...fixed I'm not sure Colors ever would have been as good as his best work. Kurstin is just too white bread (if you can still say that) a collaborator. It's notable that Wow, which may be the best song here, is the one he is least involved in, with Beck getting a major assist from Cole M.G.N. But as I said to a friend, Colors is a party album - let's all have more parties! 

While it remains to be seen how he will integrate the new material in concert, there’s also no doubt that Beck will have a blast busting out all his best moves when he takes Colors on the road. Giddyup. 

Iron & Wine - Beast Epic I’m not one of those who greeted the eclecticism of the most recent albums by Sam Beam and Co. with a sigh, yearning for the bedroom intimacy of modern classics like The Creek That Drank The Cradle. Not only did I find his incorporation of funk, soul, jazz, and dub captivating, I listened in astonishment as Beam became one of the best singers alive. Hearing him sing Sade’s Bulletproof Soul On Sing Into My Mouth, his way underrated covers album with Ben Bridwell, sealed the deal. But I also became concerned about his songwriting inspiration, especially when he followed up with another collaborative project, this time with Jesca Hoop, which contained few memorable songs. 

Now, four years after the last I&W album of all original songs, Beam has given us a Beast Epic, not a return to his stripped-down indie folk, but a reclamation of some of that woodsy territory nonetheless. The production is no less complex than something like The Shepherd’s Dog, but every song has an acoustic center, whether big-chord strumming or hypnotic finger-picked patterns. Beam surrounds those guitars with strings, marimba, piano, reeds, brass, and percussion, creating the atmosphere of a sophisticated jam around the campfire that, varied as it is, feels as warm as an inherited Hudson’s Bay blanket. 

The songs are all solidly constructed, with melodies as natural as breathing. The lyrics have arresting koan-like nuggets of wisdom scattered throughout, such as “Nothing makes silence like experience/There’s a message in my eyes/You better love yourself/‘Cause I tried,” from Bitter Truth, and ”For all the love you left behind, you can have mine,” from Call It Dreaming, which is an instant Iron & Wine classic. There are also little bits of eccentricity that add tooth to the album, calling out to art song, the sardonic theater music of Brecht/Weill, or even the cracked Americana of Harry Partch. Hearts Walk Anywhere, one of two brief bonus songs available on vinyl only, pushes this even further, pointing in possible new directions. Theater? Chamber music? There are no limits to what Sam Beam can conjure when he's inspired and he is surely inspired on the gorgeous tapestry of Beast Epic. Let me know if you make it to one of the shows!

Coming in Part 2: The Clientele, Historian, and Michael Head & The Red Elastic Band

To find cuts from these albums and others in similar veins follow AnEarful: Of Note In 2017 (Rock, Folk, Etc.) on Spotify.

You may also enjoy:
Hiss Golden Messenger Holds Back The Flood
Beam & Bridwell's AOR Utopia
Beck's Next Phase



Saturday, October 28, 2017

Record Roundup: On The Cutting Edge


The idea of "progress" in music is a bit amorphous. One description of it might include music that reflects the current state of society and the sonic universe of the time in which it was created. This would have us recognize both musique concrete and hip hop as "progressive" for reflecting industrial and urban realities in a way that was new at the times they arose. But there's also the fact that, once introduced, even the edgiest sounds can become fodder for generations of artists, leading to modern or "new music" tropes that are maybe not so modern or new - but they can still sound fantastic and challenge our ears. Below find five albums that are either on the cutting edge of musical progress or that sound "new" even if they draw on the modernism of earlier eras. 

Grand Valley State University New Music Ensemble  - Return Saul Steinberg's famous New Yorker cover showing a supposed void between America's coasts should be redrawn with a giant neon sign pointing to Allendale, MI, where this estimable band has been plying its trade since 2006. Even more astonishing than their excellent performances of canonical pieces like Reich's Music For 18 Musicians or the works they have commissioned over the years is the fact that the program, under the direction of Bill Ryan, is churning out composers to reckon with at an alarming rate. 

It all comes together on Return, featuring electro-acoustic music written by three GVSU grads, Adam Cuthbert, Matt Finch and Daniel Rhode, who together founded slashsound, an "experimental" music collective. While the three composers all get individual credits among the 15 tracks on offer, the sound of the record is so cohesive that you don't think much about who wrote what. They also used the time-honored "write-record-cut-paste" method where the final product is the result of further manipulating sounds laid down in the studio and assembling them into the works we hear here. This means that the personality and skill of the players is not something you're very aware of, although I don't doubt that these are all excellent musicians. 

So where does this leave us? With 15 gorgeous selections of music at the intersection of ambient and minimalism, where repeating patterns may devolve into washes of sound or bold chords, and where a mechanical pulse may underlie soaring stardust synth before resolving into a drone. Like the best of Brian Eno's instrumental music, your attention can dip in and out at will with no loss of satisfaction. Return is a consistently immersive listen but if you want to sample try location sharing, with its commanding thrums, or dearest rewinder these, which moves through overlapping patterns, some quite Reichian, and resolves into gleaming, triumphant keyboard chords that wouldn't sound out of place on the new Beck album. Good show, GVSU!

Phong Tran - Initiate This first album by recent NYU grad (he studied with Michael Gordon) Tran was released by slashsound’s label and definitely fits their aesthetic. Tran, however, is exploring the use of “minimal source material” and composed the work using only homemade synthesizer software. But there’s still more than enough variety in texture and tempo in the seven movements to keep you interested. What really keeps you riveted is the narrative structure and urgency. Tran was inspired by “the story in every story” theorized by Joseph Campbell’s Hero With A Thousand Faces and as applied to the enormous life changes going on for him and his family and friends. Of course, the mind movie you create while listening will be your own - get ready to watch it in IMAX. 

Scott Wollschleger - Soft Aberration This debut album of angular chamber music showcases a composer so steeped in the European avant garde that neither Schoenberg, Berio or Boulez would have trouble connecting to what he’s doing here. But it’s rare that you hear such command of structure and orchestration in any idiom. Some of that may be a result of the fact that each piece was commissioned by its performer(s) and conceived with their specific talents in kind. The first piece, Brontal Symmetry, has wit, melody, and plenty of spice, doled out in digestible bits. Created from scraps unused in earlier works, it’s an ideal introduction to Wollschleger’s talents. The recording by Longleash, a trio comprised of Pala Garcia (violin), John Popham (cello), Renate Rohlfing (piano), sets a very high bar with their commitment and surprisingly light touch. 

Popham is also heard in the threnodic America for solo cello, which he dispatches as though the ink were drying on the score. But with the great pianist Karl Larson on board with violinist Anne Lanzilotti in the title piece, and the Mivos Quartet closing the album with the spectral White Wall, there was never going to be any let up in quality. Wollschleger’s astonishing grasp is further demonstrated by perhaps the most challenging piece here, Bring Something Incomprehensible Into The World, a three movement work for soprano (Corinne Byrne) and trumpet (Andy Kozar). With both musicians pursuing extended techniques with style and even levity, it more than lives up to its title, and wonderfully so. Far from an aberration, this album is the sound of someone firmly planting their flag at a thrilling elevation. More, please. P.S. Keep an eye on upcoming performances of Wollschleger's music, including Larson in the complete piano music on November 20th.

Brooklyn Rider - Spontaneous Symbols A new album from this expert quartet is always cause for celebration, and this album of 100% premiere recordings may be their finest yet. The five pieces here cover a lot of ground, from Tyondai Braxton’s ArpRec1 - two brief and busy movements created using generative software - to Kyle Sanna’s ruminative Sequence For Minor White, which pays tribute to the great photographer over 20 searching minutes. 

The quartet is enhanced by some tinkling chimes at the end of Sanna’s piece and also by electronics in Paula Matthusen’s on the attraction of felicitous amplitude. The additional sounds are treated recordings made in an ancient Roman cistern and the short piece is as mysterious as that would imply. Evan Ziporyn, a founding member of Bang On A Can, knows something of field recordings, but his Qi is probably the most straightforward work here. Featuring three dynamic movements filled with lyricism and driving rhythms, Qi also shows a real mastery of arrangement as the stings pair off in different combinations or take soaring solos against a backdrop of the other instruments. 

The last work to mention is BTT, composed by Colin Jacobsen, one of Brooklyn Rider’s violinists. Inspired by the idea of downtown Manhattan as a hotbed of the avant-garde, from the Velvet Underground to Glenn Branca, over 20 minutes it pursues a series of riffs that occasionally imply a rock backbeat before devolving into impassioned scrubbing or delicate pizzicato. There’s a narrative thrust to BTT, like a series of overheard anecdotes, or scenes from the window of a cab ride home over rain-slicked midnight streets, that makes it consistently fascinating throughout. 

The recording, released on In a Circle Records, which is run by quartet violinist Johnny Gandelsman, is second to none, with dimension, clarity, and just the right amount of warmth. Brooklyn Rider are in the midst of an international tour that runs through June 2018. You won’t want to miss them if they come to your town. 

Quatuor Diotima - Arturo Fuentes: String Quartets Is it truly impossible to find the bottom of the well of great string quartets and composers? It’s starts to feel that way when an album like this comes on the radar. Fuentes while still young, is 20 years into a career that is all news to me - and maybe to you, too. I was also unfamiliar with Diotima, which was founded in 1996. This is the first recording of these four quartets, however, which were all composed between 2008 and 2014, so at least we’re caught up on that front! 

The titles of the substantial single-movement works here would suggest that they all occupy the same sound-world - and they do. It could even be said that Broken Mirrors, Liquid Crystals, Ice Reflection and Glass Distortion are all movements in one meta-quartet or even a symphony for four strings. The thin, wiry sounds of heavily angled bows on high strings thread their way through each piece, along with harmonics and slightly shredded bass strings, giving the impression of an almost constant fragmentation, like a kaleidoscope that will never stop turning, pieces that will never cohere. 

There’s an almost mimetic quality to these absorbing works, too, with the mirrors, crystals, ice and glass referred to in the titles coming to life in your mind’s eye as you listen. While occasionally discomfiting, there is also an elegance to Fuentes’ writing, with a recognition of the characters of the instruments that seems to run very deep. I also can't help hearing harmonization with the icy, scrabbling textures on Nordic Affect's Raindamage - if you liked that, this will be right up your alley. From my brief traverse of his other recorded works, this album is as good an introduction as any to an exciting composer who is sure to only grow in stature. 

Selections from these albums and others in this zone can be found this playlist. Click “follow” if you want to keep in touch with what is still to come in 2017. 

You may also enjoy:

Sunday, September 24, 2017

Record Roundup: Siren Songs




Perhaps some of the impetus behind NPR's Turning The Tables or this recent feature in the New York Times is because this has been a banner year for albums either made by or heavily featuring women. I've already mentioned Nordic Affect, The Courtneys, Goldfrapp, Noveller, Novella, Elsa Hewitt, and Nadia Reid in my Best Of 2017 (So Far) - that's almost half the list! Crumb, led by Lila Remini, recently released Locket, an EP of their distinctive, accomplished songs, EMA's Exile On The Outer Ring is a powerful return to form, and Not Dark Yet by Shelby Lynne and Alison Moorer features the sisters singing a powerful collection of covers and one new song they wrote together. I've also been enjoying records by This Is The Kit, Caroline Says, Julie Byrne, Jen Cloher, Sudan Archives, Wild Ponies, Jane Weaver, Diet Cig, Juana Molina, Hollie Cook, and others. Whew.

Here are four more albums made by women in 2017 that I think are worthy of special attention.

Charlotte Dos Santos - Cleo A high point of Sofie's SOS Tape was Dos Santos's Watching You, a seductive and spare groove that seems to redefine the term "sweet nothings." This is especially true when Dos Santos harmonizes with herself, a truly heavenly sound. Now we have a debut album which, while it doesn't always reach those sublime heights, provides a further roadmap to the talents of this unique singer, songwriter and producer.

Her instrument is a high soprano which she employs with remarkable flexibility and control. She could easily pursue straight jazz but seems to naturally gravitate toward an elegant R&B modernism, with a touch of hip hop soul. Even knowing that going in, the opening track, a sweet take on the 700 year old song Sumer Is A Cumen In, was a delightful surprise, signaling an artist unbound by convention. The whole album is a languid experience, perfect for hot nights and cold cocktails. It's a digital vacation, drifting by with a delicious lack of friction. That said, my ears do perk up more during Red Clay, which has the feel of a new standard, and the closing track, It's Over Bobby, an almost stately cha cha. I could feel sorry for Bobby - but what a way to go.

Nicole Atkins - Goodnight Rhonda Lee Atkins's last album, Slow Phaser (my #10 album of 2014), was a masterpiece of Bowie-esque pop, with clever lyrics and more hooks than a strip of Velcro. Her latest draws more on classic sounds of the 50s, 60s and 70s - think Peggy Lee, Patsy Cline, Dusty Springfield, Elvis, maybe even a little Linda Ronstadt - without being slavish. It's a magnificent showcase for her voice, which can be Broadway big, soul music raw, country smoke, or pure pop. There's even a little disco-era glamour on Sleepwalking. Behind the chameleon is a warm but slightly hard-bitten character who has seen it and done it all and is now here to spread the wisdom.

Goodnight Rhonda Lee wouldn't be so entirely winning if the songs weren't so damned solid. On this front she's enlisted some expert assistance, co-writing every song with the right kind of pros, like Chris "Wicked Game" Isaak, Louise "songwriting royalty " Goffin, and Jim "Lydia Lunch to Nick Cave" Sclavunos, and others, all of whom know their way around classicism. Everything is top notch, from the recording and production by Niles City Sound (founded by former members of White Denim, who are also part of the crack session squad), all the way down to the sequencing of the album. I still get chills when opening track A Little Crazy U-turns into Darkness Falls So Quiet, with its Memphis strings and NYC attitude. Another thing Atkins has going for her is restraint. Even when she's belting it out, she's always in control, holding back just a little. You don't have to be shy, though - play it loud and often. 

Note: Nicole Atkins is on the road, including a show at Music Hall of Williamsburg on November 7th - perhaps I will see you there.

Jenny O - Peace & Information Like Nicole Atkins, Jenny crowdfunded this album and (full disclosure) I contributed to both. While it's always a bit of a risk buying something unheard, her debut, as well as the solo performance that introduced her to me, was so impressive that I had no worries about a sophomore slump. And when I saw she was working with Father John Misty-whisperer Jonathan Wilson as producer again, I was even more comfortable with my little investment in her talent.

Unlike the Atkins album, however, Peace & Information is more of an incremental move on Jenny's part, rather than entree into a new sound world. That means we get more of the same wonderful Beatle-esque rock with relatable lyrics and hooky instrumental flourishes that we got on 2012's Automechanic. The songs are just as good, even slightly more original and she's singing better than ever, so if you want to call it a formula, be my guest. She does ramp up the drama a bit, especially on grungy opener Case Study and Seashells, with its spine-tingling strings, and ventures into new territory on If You're Lonely, with its beguiling nod to Bossa Nova giving a breezy twist to the sadness in the lyrics. But there are few singer-songwriters currently at her level so if she wants to stay in her area of strength, I'm good with that.

One of the things that makes her unique (besides her individualistic voice) is the sense she gives of being a person in the world, which can give some of the songs the immediacy of a status update. People opens with this couplet: "It was a bad day on the street, oh/They had a barricade for the angry" - we all know what that's about - and High Regard harkens back to many of the recommendations for self-care that fill my newsfeed:

"In the line of sympathy reserved for anyone
With the eyes I lay upon a stranger
With the same acceptance
And the high regard
With the curiosity
And the light that another brings
With the light that the other brings
As I do for them
I will do for me."

That sense of resilience and the possibility for not only survival but growth, even in times that strain your heart and your political sensibilities is a subtext that adds steel to the spine of Peace & Information. Sing along and draw on that strength in your own life.

Note: Jenny O. is also on tour and I hope to catch her at the Mercury Lounge on November 18th.

Chloe X Halle - The Two Of Us We live in an odd time, where kids playing covers (or even lip-synching!) in their bedrooms can garner more YouTube hits than the three artists above - combined. But that's also how these singing sisters were discovered, by Beyoncé no less, launching a career that started with an excellent debut EP, Sugar Symphony, in 2016. Now comes The Two Of Us, which they insist is neither an album nor a mixtape (what would you call 16 songs in 25 minutes?), but which is an excellent showcase of their versatile talents nonetheless.

The opening track, Used To Love, dazzles with an intricate vocal arrangement accompanied only by handclaps, a jazzy take on doo wop informed by modern R&B and hip hop. Poppy Flower is a narcotized seduction ("I can be your poppy flower/make you fall in a coma after hours") with a sly Carlton Barrett drum fill that shades it into reggae territory. There's a very satisfying bluesy edge to a couple of tracks, so often lacking in R&B - check out Chase for an example.

Reading around the web, I get the idea that Beyoncé fans are waiting for something bigger from these teenagers. I hope they maintain their delicate but intense minimalism, poetic lyrics, and vocal restraint, without falling into radio-ready convention. Whatever happens, The Two Of Us will always be one the delights of the year.


How many of the records mentioned here are on your radar? Are you as overwhelmed with great new music as I am?

Songs from all of the albums mentioned above - and more - are included in this Spotify playlist. I'll keep adding to it, too!




You may also enjoy:

Monday, September 18, 2017

Walter Becker: No Compromise

Photo: Damon Gray

"… and yet I feel as much as a secret agent with amnesia as I ever did. I can’t remember who I work for, but I know I’m spying on these people. I probably planted a bomb in their house, you know?" - Walter Becker*

I was 10 when I first fell for Steely Dan, hooked by the haunting refrain the opens the single version of Rikki (Don't Lose That Number), which I categorized alongside Golden Earring's Radar Love, another song with a kind of grim mystery, although my young mind would likely have just called them both "cool." Rikki was the one that stuck, however, and I liked to turn the lyrics, so full of unresolved lines, over in my mind, trying to figure out what was going on, while I marveled equally at the perfect guitar solo, which somehow seemed to answer all those questions. 

Gradually, as the 70's wore on, I began to put Rikki together with other songs I heard on the radio: Do It Again, Reeling In The Years, Black Friday - taping them off the radio and starting to realize that this band was a force I needed to reckon with. Then came Deacon Blues, seemingly a betrayal. First of all, it was impossibly slick. Second of all, "Learn to work the saxophone"? What was that? Who spoke like that? Third of all, there were other attractions - punk, nascent new wave, and Electric Ladyland, which I had just discovered. 

I remember commiserating with my best friend and musical partner in crime Mike Diamond (yes, that one), saying in effect: "What is this shit?" But Aja, the album that contained that egregious song, was a juggernaut, becoming Steely Dan's first platinum selling album. This was still the height of the Album Oriented Rock radio format, before it calcified into Classic Rock, so that meant airplay for lots of tracks from Aja. Peg was heard, Black Cow, even the lengthy title track, and then Josie. Ah, sweet, dark, funky Josie, the one for whom we "break out the hats and hooters," the one who was "the raw flame, the live wire," who "prays like a Roman with her eyes on fire," and she who causes us to "dance on the bones till the girls say when." What the heck was a "battle apple," anyway? Here again was some of that dark mystery that I had fallen for in 1974, with a salacious undertow that tantalized my 13-year old imagination.

In the midst of the sprung rhythm and pitch-black words came a guitar solo as tidy as the one from Rikki, while pulling against the beat like featherweight taffy. I never got tired of the way it seemed elevate the song out of the murk for a few seconds of bliss. Although I didn't know it at the time, I was coming face to face with Walter Becker in that moment. I bought Aja ASAP and discovered a new world of sarcasm in the liner notes and a new approach to making records. Instead of some equivalent to the four Beatles, there were different musicians on every track, and it was all under the direction of two guys: Becker and Donald Fagen. 

There were snapshot-quality photos of the two of them on the inner sleeve, each of them in a kind of disguise. Fagen was at his California rock-god peak, looking tan, handsome, and almost "what's your sign" vapid. Becker was noodling on a guitar, his face framed in long stringy hair and hidden behind dark glasses, a hippie lab rat. There they were, exposed but somehow oblique and unknowable. The message was received: this was not a star trip, this was about the music. 

There were also two songs on side two they didn't play on the radio, including the stunning Home At Last, which originated the still under-explored genre of Homeric funk. When I saw Mike again, it seemed he had come to the same conclusion, that Aja was a full-length masterpiece, and was more than happy to make a cassette from my copy. 

Aja, and the other albums as I worked my way backwards, gave me that same sense of recognition and acknowledgement that I felt seeing Stanley Kubrick's Dr. Strangelove for the first time. There were others out there who looked at the world through black-humored glasses and who used that vision to make perfect art. It wasn't all great - there were some clunky lyrics on the first two albums and a few duff tracks on the third. But the level of quality was astonishingly high, from the almost tender musings on Pretzel Logic and Katy Lied (Razor Boy, Any Major Dude, Rose Darling, Dr. Wu), to the cinematic take-downs of 60's and 70's culture on The Royal Scam (Kid Charlemagne, the title track). There was also science fiction (Sign In Stranger) and hilarious story songs like Everyone's Gone To The Movies and Haitian Divorce. 

While it's almost impossible to tease apart Becker and Fagen's individual fingerprints where the songwriting is concerned, I do think it's worth noting that Becker sometimes sang Haitian Divorce in concert. It also employs a reggae beat, something he drew on in some of his solo work. In fact a friend of mine described an encounter where Becker came into a record shop asking for Culture records and ended up buying the whole catalog. For some reason, I also associate telegraphic lines like "semi-mojo/who's that kinky so-and-so" with Becker's interview style. Goddamn he was funny. 

While Steely Dan were as album-oriented as Led Zeppelin, post-Aja we also were bequeathed the delights of FM, composed as the title track for a movie so lame it doesn't even rise to the status of a cult classic. Instead of seeing this as a throw-away opportunity, they seized it, composing a lapidary track with sharp rhythms contrasting lush strings arranged by Johnny Mandel, something they'd never tried before. The lyrics satirized the very medium that had made them millions, biting the hand that fed them as surely as Elvis Costello had with Radio, Radio. It's a song that I never listen to just once, and I bought the double-album Greatest Hits mainly for the purpose of listening to it over and over. Way to Hoover my wallet, boys. 

Then came Hey Nineteen, the next betrayal. From the toothless guitar sting that opened the song (and at which my older brother marveled - kiss of death), to the old-man tale of woe conveyed in the lyrics, this was a bridge too far. Also, if Aja seemed polished, this was another level altogether. I was not alone in thinking that way - even Rob Sheffield, who just penned a beautiful tribute to Becker (and John Ashbery) wrote as late as 2006 that Gaucho was "so slick it slid right off the turntable into the wastebasket." I was 16 when it came out, thinking I knew it all, and reveling in Bowie, Bob Marley and Bad Brains, I had no interest in even hearing any more of it. See where ideology will get you, kids? 

Dolly back, fade to black - then fast forward five or six years and I was a college grad with a student loan coupon book trying to make ends meet. Which is how I ended up agreeing to do some painting in my brother's old apartment for a fee. Before setting up the tarp, rollers, paint, etc., I dug through his LP's for a soundtrack. There was Gaucho - could it really be that bad? Dropped the needle and...dun-dun, dun-dun, the bass clarinets of Babylon Sisters got their hooks in me and when Bernard Purdy's shuffle kicked in, and Fagen started singing those winking, desperate lyrics, I was sold. I had a wider palate of listening by then, including Henry Mancini and Kurt Weill's collaborations with Ira Gershwin, and I heard echoes of the glossy surface in college classics like Roxy Music's Avalon and Scritti Politti's Cupid & Psyche '85 - other artists were catching up and showing the way. I had also read William S. Burroughs (from whence had come "Steely Dan") and Raymond Chandler (from whence comes all L.A. Noir). Finally, I had a little more life experience under my belt, just enough "adulting" to find myself even in Hey Nineteen, laughing heartily at "the Cuervo Gold/The fine Columbian" refrain that ends the song.

Glamour Profession further sealed the deal with its laconic opening refrain: "6:05/Down at the stadium/Special delivery/For Hoops McCann/Brut and charisma/Poured from the shadows/Where he stood..." - I wonder now if that was more of Becker's telegraphy. It's amazing I got any painting done before flipping the disc. The title track hearkened back to Katy Lied with a compassionate sax and complex lyrics about friendship - another triumph. So Gaucho was firmly in the canon, followed by silence. 

The Becker/Fagen partnership seemed to have dissolved. Fagen scored a hit with The Nightfly, an autobiographical album with heavy Dan overlap but a more straightforward approach, even including a Motown cover - further clues, at least by omission, to Becker's hand in the compositional side of things. Becker himself was off the map for a while, with rumors of drugs and a semi-retired life in Hawaii, followed by signs of life as a producer of everyone from China Crisis to Rickie Lee Jones. 

The decade turned again, and amidst the welcome rumblings of Nirvana, the flowering of the golden age of hip hop, and the atmospherics of trip hop, came a new Donald Fagen album, Kamakiriad, a sleek sci-fi song cycle produced by Becker. I was surprised by the emotional resonance on Kamakiriad, especially in the latter half, including the Becker co-write Snowbound. He also played bass and lead guitar on every track, leading to an immediate call to my cousin where I enthused about the album: the moody, futuristic songs and the gorgeous sound, concluding with: "And Walter Becker has become a MONSTER on bass!" Yes, the guitar work was impressive, but as a bass player myself I was astounded by the combination of technique and feel he put on display. I remembered all the self-deprecating remarks I had read in interviews, how they hired Chuck Rainey and his ilk because there was no way Becker could play that well. Obviously, the man had used his hiatus wisely, woodshedding his way into glory. I felt a surge of vicarious pride. I always knew he was selling himself short! 

The Nineties also included the release of Becker's first solo album, 11 Tracks Of Whack, which I didn't give much time to, finding his singing voice a little too idiosyncratic for my taste. Listening now, I hear a wry warmth and the inflections of a wisdom perhaps too hard-earned. Plus, most of the songs are excellent. Sorry, Walter. 

By the dawn of the new millennium, the Dan was something my brother and I shared and, during a visit to his office he surprised me by putting on Two Against Nature, the first Steely Dan album in 20 years.  It was shockingly good from the jump and I remember saying to my brother: "They sound happier." That was true, but time had not dulled their incisiveness and the album was filled with dubious characters like Cousin Dupree, Janie Runaway, and Jack Of Speed. It sold in the millions, won a Grammy for Album Of The Year, and soundtracked my year, which is when it occurred to me: Becker and Fagen were as uncompromising in their approach as any of my beloved avant gardists like Pere Ubu or Public Image. 

They were able to put shifting harmonies, complex chords, diabolically clever lyrics, virtuoso soloing and a bad attitude into a package that millions of people loved - without ever caring whether or not they had an audience. They tried to satisfy themselves above all, pressing on in the face of some pretty dire critical responses. Besides the Sheffield quote above, consider they way their entry in the first Rolling Stone Record Guide ended: "Not the greatest American rock band (by a long shot), Steely Dan remain unquestionably the weirdest." Did they have to add that "by a long shot"? 

While I say they didn't care about their audience, that's not quite accurate. I saw them three times in the 2000's and they always seemed genuinely delighted that people were still interested enough - and passionately so - to come out night after night. One of my favorite moments from those shows was at Roseland Ballroom when they pulled out Don't Take Me Alive, that deep cut from The Royal Scam about a man who has taken hostages. They went into the first chorus: "I'm a bookkeeper's son/I don't want to shoot no one," and when we all started singing along, they rocked back from their mics in astonishment, grinning delightedly, and let the audience sing the rest. I realized in that moment that acceptance is a two-way street. As much fun as it was for me to be in their cool kids club, they could also take pleasure in being among their people. 

There was one final album, 2002's Everything Must Go, which was perhaps even better than Two Against Nature, although it didn't cause as much of a stir. As Fagen pointed out, "second album in 22 years" isn't as good a marketing hook as "first album in 20 years." It caused a seismic shift in my household, however, becoming the gateway album for my wife who had always been a Dan refusenik. I think I may have forced her to listen to Things I Miss The Most, so full of telling novelistic detail that she couldn't help but relate, and then we were off and running. "They've become the voice of a generation," she remarked in the car once, referring to that song along with The Last Mall and the title track, which limned the dot-com bust like a Douglas Coupland short story while seemingly predicting the financial depredations of 2008. There was also the fun of Pixeleen, with its cyber-heroine and her "flash of spectacular thigh," leading to the image of Becker and Fagen watching the first season of Alias like the rest of us. 

Slang Of Ages featured a lead vocal from Becker for the first time, which I admit took some getting used to, but eventually integrated itself into the album as a whole, partly on the strength of wicked one liners like "Damn, she skipped dimensions/Was it something that I said?" and the uncanny blend of his wry rasp with the ever-tasteful backup singers. Everything Must Go also ever-so-slightly loosened the reins, leading to a more charged and dynamic album than Two Against Nature. 

While Steely Dan had gone on the road in 93 and 94, it was in the 2000's that they became true tour bus denizens. They booked extensive live dates every other year, including residencies at New York's Beacon Theater, where they were the only potential rivals to the legendary stands by the Allman Brothers. It was there that I saw them for the last time, performing Aja straight through as well as a set of other favorites. It was as excellent as the other shows I had seen, with Becker in fine form on guitar, holding his own alongside a fiery Jon Herrington, and delivering his usual Hey Nineteen monologue with aplomb.

Somewhere amidst the touring, Becker managed another solo album, Circus Money, which had its moments, especially in the impressively assured reggae numbers - I guess all those Culture CD's proved effective! However, that album along with Fagen's enervated Morph The Cat only heightened my desire for them to create together again. Alas, it was not to be. 

While there is more in the vaults than we were originally led to believe (including The Second Arrangement and Kulee Baba, both wonderful Gaucho outtakes), the moment has come for acceptance that what we will know about Becker and his achievements has already been revealed. Or, if not exactly revealed, such are the layers of obsfucation and misdirection in his output, at least made available for our delectation. There's more than enough there to keep us listening, laughing, pondering, and marveling at least until California tumbles into the sea. 

Here's a playlist of deepish cuts from the Becker/Steely Dan catalog, many of which are my personal favorites. What are yours?


A note on concert recordings: Unfortunately, the only official live album Steely Dan has released (so far), Alive In America, from the 1994 tour, was a misfire. The sound quality was only OK, many guitar solos were marred by the overuse of a chorus pedal, and, perhaps most damning of all, drummer Dennis Chambers seemed to be having a rare off night. I've listened fairly extensively to bootlegs over the years and the one I keep returning to was recorded in Dallas on the same tour and featuring the same musicians, but with far more satisfying results. It's also twice as long. Seek it out for its full, rich sound and committed performances, especially a blistering Bodhisattva and a molasses-slow, dreamy take on Third World Man.

*From an interview with Dave DiMartino


Saturday, August 12, 2017

Catching Up With Holly And Richard

Holly Miranda singing with Richard Aufrichtig at Union Pool
What do you do when two of your favorite musicians are on the same bill? You show up. So, when I heard Holly Miranda was playing Union Pool with Richard Aufrichtig opening, I bought my ticket in advance. This was a well-aligned grouping, too as both Holly and Richard make the kind of music that engages your heart and soul even as you admire their exceptional craft. Also, there's an as-yet-unreleased song by Richard called Paris that Holly sings on, which made the fit even more natural. 

This was my first trip out to Union Pool, the sprawling venue located on the border of Greenpoint and Williamsburg and housed in an old pool supply business. The barroom is huge, with cozy circular booths opposite the bar, a DJ booth and lots of open space. That's where I ran into Richard who told me to expect something different than Ocean Music, the explosive indie-rock band he leads, and also different from the two solo EPs he released a few years ago. He went off to check out something technical and I ordered a whiskey and soda, trying to dismiss the vision I had of him onstage strumming away at an acoustic. But I still didn't know what to expect. 

I wandered outside to find an outdoor space featuring another bar, a stage, and a permanently installed taco truck. This must be where all those free Summer Thunder concerts that I've missed take place. Still kicking myself that I couldn't get there for Boogarins, but the series goes through the end of August so don't count me out yet. 

A hard left from the barroom exit finds you in the performance space, which features another bar and a proscenium-arched stage with a touch of underground vaudeville. I ran into Holly at the merch table, where she was selling t-shirts she had spray painted with the motto LOVE LOUDER, with 25% of proceeds going to the Trevor Project, which helps LGBTQ youth. Yet another reason why she is one of the good ones!

Shortly after that, Richard took the stage with a solid-body electric guitar, and using sustained, droning notes from the bass strings and bright, spacious patterns on the high notes, created a whole world of sound. His voice has only strengthened and become more nuanced and versatile in the year I've known him and it was absolutely captivating. When Holly joined him on stage to sing Paris, it was a dream come true for me. The recorded version has a limber disco beat and curlicues of flute, but just their two voices and his guitar were needed for a complete take of this simultaneously melancholic and hopeful song. 

Richard finished the set with a few more songs, including an epic cover of Magnetic Fields's Papa Was A Rodeo, almost operatic in its scope and far beyond anything Stephin Merritt could attemptd. The crowd hollered their approval and it seemed like he made some new fans. He should have recorded material coming out in 2018 but try to catch him live, either with or without Ocean Music. A generous and protean talent like his moves fast enough that who can say what he will be doing in six months time?

People had continued coming in during Richard's set and by the time Holly got on stage with drummer Jonathan Ullman and baritone saxophonist Maria Eisen, the room was nearly full. Now, while Holly may be more well-known than Richard, she is also unafraid to constantly change, able to lay you out with a delicate, finger-picked ballad, or hype up a crowd with an all-out rocker. I knew she would be performing songs from her next album so was ready for almost anything. But the grinding, roadhouse stomp she opened up with was still a surprise and had the crowd in a tizzy from the opening notes. Eisen, a longtime collaborator, somehow managed to occupy the sonic spaces of a bass, a horn and a keyboard all at once, and Ullman more than held his own. Holly belted it out, slashing at her guitar, before bringing what may be her heaviest song ever to a thrilling close. 
Holly Miranda with her full band at Union Pool
The other new songs in the set were varied in mood, also exploring some new realms for her, and leaving me feeling mighty curious about the new album. It was also interesting that, except for a few songs with a bass player, most of Holly's time on stage was in a trio configuration. As Rebecca Kushner, the bass player in Ocean Music, mentioned after the show, this was a much rawer experience than she had anticipated from listening to Holly's albums. That was also true for the performances of older songs, Waves and All I Want Is To Be Your Girl, as well as a spectacular cover of Gloria Gaynor's disco smash, I Will Survive. Holly is one of our supreme interpreters and this was yet another example of her ability to see inside a song and deliver something novel out of the familiar. (Hint: If you were subscribing to her Patreon, you would have already heard a solo take of the song). Whether the rawness translates to the album remains to be seen, but I also have no problem with artists who have a different personality in a live context than in the studio. Take Joy Division, for example - it's almost two bands for the price of one!

The evening ended with a brief hang and the requisite selfie. I couldn't resist, not knowing when Holly and Richard will again exist at the same intersection of the time/space continuum. But maybe when her album comes out, and when his album comes out, they can go on tour together. When one dream comes true sometimes another one arises...

Me, Holly, Richard - Talent City, these two.

You may also enjoy:
Holly Miranda In Her Element
Holly Miranda Is Here
Record Roundup: American Tunes
Best Of 2016: Rock, Folk, Etc.




Monday, August 07, 2017

Record Roundup: Strings And Things


Before microscopy was invented to reveal the little hooks on horsehair, generations of instrument makers and musicians knew that if you dragged a collection of the hairs across a length of dried gut, you got a wondrous sound. Or an awful one, depending on which part of the learning curve the player currently occupied. Now we have all the science we need to explain the interaction between fingers or bow, strings, wood, and acoustic chamber, but that doesn't change the ability of the sounds of stringed instruments to move us in body, mind, and spirit. Here are some of the best practitioners of the art, circa 2017. 

Melia Watras - 26 Once upon a time "classical" music was not only popular culture, it was also family culture. Mother taught you piano so you could accompany her violin; father's baritone sounded fine alongside sister's cello, especially after a few brandies; and you might meet your future husband across the spinet during a parlor duet. This is the world violist Melia Watras would call us back to, if in a thoroughly 21st Century fashion, on her latest album for Sono Luminus. The number 26 refers the total amount of strings on the instruments used by Watras's collaborators, who include her husband, Michael Jinsoo Lim and her treacher, Atal Arad. See what I mean - a family affair. Another participant is Garth Knox, who plays Viola D'Amore alongside Watras on his composition, Stranger, which ups the string count a fair bit. 

But Watras is the main focus, and she really is a remarkable musician. The sheer tone of her playing, often a honeyed ribbon of sound, is so rich that 26 never feels spare even when she is playing solo, as on a number of pieces here, including her own Sonata, 20 enthralling minutes of melody and rhythm that has the spontaneity of an improvisation. But the album opens with Tocattina A La Turk, a viola duet written by Arad that is pure charm. Yes, there's a reference to Brubeck's Blue Rondo, which is slightly ironic as Arad's own inventions reference his Turkish heritage, but it's all in good humor. The Knox piece is based on a 17th Century Irish folk song, with all the haunted melody you could imagine, amplified beautifully by the resonating strings on Knox's antique instrument. Liquid Voices, a duet for Watras and Lim, has a visual flair that allows you to picture the sounds of the violas intertwining in the room. Those are just some of the more notable tracks, but overall this is a more consistent album than her last, Ispirare, which was quite fine. 

26 is wonderfully recorded, with a full sound that feels very natural and neither too close not too distant. So, an exemplary musical experience awaits you, with additional inspiration to be found in Watras's entrepreneurial spirit. She's not waiting for new viola music - she's commissioning it, or writing it herself. Artists in any medium could learn from her energetic example. Long may she reign!

Rupert Boyd & Laura Metcalf - Boyd Meets Girl Speaking of family affairs, here we have the charming couple of Boyd and Metcalf, who have converted their happy marriage into the unusual musical pairing of cello and guitar. Either through their own arrangements (Bach, Fauré, Pärt, de Falla, Piazzola, etc.), or some applied research (works by Jaime Zenamon, Ross Edwards, and Radames Gnattáli, all composers unknown to me), the duo has managed to assemble a varied and highly satisfying collection. 

Like their recent solo albums, Boyd's Fantasias and Metcalf's First Day - both standouts of 2015 and 2016 respectivelly - Boyd Meets Girl doesn't so much as challenge the listener as elevate any environment in which it is played. It is not a knock at all to report that I put it on during a sun-dappled country dinner and found the experience wholeheartedly improved - and my companions curious about what I was playing and wanting to hear it again. And that was even before we heard the ingenious and sparkling arrangement of John Bettis and Steve Porcaro's Human Nature, a massive hit for Michael Jackson. It really works - but don't take my word for it; go listen to the whole album. The only doubt in my mind about Boyd Meets Girl is whether they can find enough material to come up with a sequel. They may have to take a leaf from Melia Watras's book and do some commissioning and composing themselves!

Sebastien Llinares - Erik Satie I believe that Satie's spikier, more satirical side deserves more play, so I am grateful to Llinares for looking beyond the greatest hits somewhat when choosing pieces to arrange for guitar. Yes, you get all the wonderful Gymnopedies and Gnossiennes you want, but he also takes on Parade, a six-part suite written for a ballet Satie concocted with Picasso and Cocteau, which is rather ambitious. It makes for a very satisfying, well-balanced album. It certainly helps that Llinares's technique and musical approach are flawless, with no pandering to the sentimental, and the neutral acoustic of the recording serves both well. I have A LOT of Satie records and this is a more than welcome additions to my collection. 

Cornelius Dufallo - Journaling 2 One way I track new releases in the tsunami of classical music is by following composers I love - on Twitter, Facebook, YouTube, Instagram, etc. So, when Missy Mazzoli, for example, has a new piece on an album where she is not the primary artist, I'll at least know about it enough to check it out. That's how I got to this Cornelius Dufallo album, a haunting collection of music for violin and electronics. I was certainly aware of Dufallo, as a member of the string quartet Ethel and as a composer of soundtracks and other pieces. But if Journaling 2 didn't include Mazzoli's Dissolve, O My Heart, then it likely would have passed me by. I'm really glad it didn't, however, because this powerful, intense, and dazzling display by Dufallo is a high water mark for his career and one of the essential new music releases of the year. 

Journaling 2 opens with Kinan Azmeh's fiery How Many Would It Take?, which draws on Azmeh's Syrian ancestry and throws Dufallo's violin into dark waters infested not by sharks but pulsing electronics. It stirs up an amount of atmosphere that belies its brief duration, leading us neatly into Guy Barash's Talkback II, an update on post-war angularity for furiously bowed and plucked violin and interactive digital processing. Mazzoli's piece is gorgeous - full of dark lamentations and Dowland-esque yearning - and would make a nice complement to Garth Knox's piece on the Watras album. 

Lats' aadah by Raven Chacon is even more haunted, pushing Dufallo's violin into stressed harmonics and overtones reminiscent of Morricone's Harmonica theme from Once Upon A Time In The West. Tusch by Armando Bayolo starts off like another jagged overdubbed duet with echoes of Bach, but soon goes into hyperspace with drones and swooping electronic treatments. The album finishes with Dufallo's own composition, Reverie, which, although inspired by an "electronic structure" created by John King, almost has the feel of a series of variations on all that has gone before. Encompassing technology, harmonics, searing melodic passages, extended techniques, and more, it's flashy in all the right ways. In other words, a perfect ending to a mesmerizing album that finds Dufallo shining a brilliant spotlight on 21st century violin music. 

Yaron Deutsch - Pierluigi Billone: Sgorgo Y, N & Oo I've been a fan of Billone's sometimes baffling music for a while so when I noticed this playing on Eule Chris's Spotify account I got excited - a sensation that only increased once I listened. These three works for solo electric guitar give you the sensation of being the instrument. Billone exploits the resonance and sustain of the guitar to the fullest and Deutsch executes every twang and thrum with perfection. It's almost as if Billone asked himself, "If a guitar could dream, what would that sound like?" Or maybe he was an electric guitar in a former life. It's hard to fully describe what's happening in this music so I will just say that fans of Hendrix, Noveller, Luciano Berio, and Jimmy Page's Kenneth Anger soundtracks need to get up on this - STAT. There's another recent Billone release on Kairos but I confess I haven't gotten to it yet - perhaps you'll hear more later.

Del Sol String Quartet - Terry Riley: Dark Queen Mantra Color me embarrassed for continuing to think of Terry Riley as the "In C guy" for all these years. While that landmark work deserves its iconic status, based on this excellent - and addictive - new album (coming out on August 25th), I clearly have some catching up to do. But let's deal with the matter at hand. The title piece was commissioned by the Del Sol in 2015 to celebrate Riley's 80th birthday. It was also an opportunity for them to work with Riley's son Gyan, a shapeshifting and exceptionally skilled guitarist. The three movement work is stylish, substantial and deeply involving. Incorporating melodies inspired by Riley's time in Spain, the intertwining of the five instruments is consistently dazzling and really goes through the roof when Gyan cranks up the distortion in the last movement, furiously chording and playing stinging leads as the strings tag along for the ride. I hear echoes of Scott Johnson's remarkable soundtrack for Paul Schrader's Patty Hearst but this simply brilliant piece more than stands on its own. 

The middle work on the album is the five-movement Mas Lugares by the late bassist/composer Stefan Scodanibbio, a lovely fantasia on themes by Monteverdi. You can hear tendrils of the source material processed through Scodanibbio's thoroughly modern harmonic sensibility in a very effective manner. The piece is dedicated to Luciano Berio, who was also very good at this sort of thing, and the work of both composers is a reminder of a plainchant austerity that meshes so well with 20th and 21st Century music. Riley's The Wheel & Mythic Birds Waltz, an episodic movement full of variety, energy and color, caps off a truly fantastic album. Take my word and pre-order the thing!

This is just the string-driven tip of the iceberg of "classical and composed" music I've been listening to this year. Follow this playlist to find some other things that have caught my ear in 2017 -  and please tell me what I'm missing.


Thursday, July 27, 2017

NPR's Turning The Tables: Five Omissions


Kudos to NPR Music for taking on the monumental task of "turning the tables" and creating an alternative canon of the 150 "greatest" albums "made by women." I use the quotes not to be snarky but to point out the mutability and arbitrary nature of the terms "greatest" and "made by women." The first is obviously a term freighted with some subjectivity, and the second has, for NPR's purposes, now expanded to include albums like Rumors, which was made by a band including three men, or a Britney Spears album which some would argue was a form of exploitation. These criteria are discussed in a thoughtful essay by Ann Powers, which lays bare the need for this list and explains the process by which it was accomplished. The other limiter which could be questioned was the idea of cutting off the list at 1964, the beginning of what Powers calls, in quotes, "the classic album era," which leaves out many artists who may have done their greatest work before that time (can I get a witness for Bessie Smith, Billie Holiday, Mahalia Jackson, Pearl Bailey, Peggy Lee, Julie London, Eartha Kitt, Nellie Lutcher, Ruth Brown, etc.). Even Rolling Stone, which was a product of that same age, manages to incorporate artists from a previous time in their canonical lists.

But even accepting all of their criteria, and recognizing that a list of 150 greatest anything is going to contain some results that pander to one constituency or another, there are five omissions to NPR's list that I consider egregious. It would be very easy for me to argue about the more recent entries - is Alabama Shakes "greater" than Holly Miranda, Courtney Barnett, Angel Olsen, Perfect Pussy, Natalie Prass, Nicole Atkins, Jenny O., Kate Tempest, etc.? - but I recognize that the closer we get to now, the more the choices depend on at least one strong advocate. Brittany Howard & co., dull as I may find them, have a number of those at NPR. So, for that reason I'm focusing here on albums solidly rooted in the 20th Century by artists whom I would argue cast an even longer shadow now than they did in their prime. It would also be fair game to question some of the choices whereby an artist had only one album on the list (is any Spice Girls record really greater than Kaleidoscope by Siouxsie & The Banshees or Odyshape by The Raincoats?), but in the interest of expanding the coverage of the list, I'm not suggesting any duplicates.

Here are are the five albums that are deal-breakers for me, presented in chronological order. I did have to bend the rules slightly to include the first - so sue me. 


Patsy Cline - Showcase (with The Jordanaires) (1961) This was a make or break effort for Cline, and maybe even for her producer, Owen Bradley. She was still finding her way, with some success, on her debut in 1957. Trouble creating a follow-up soon became a non-issue as Cline struggled to recover from a car accident. When she finally returned to the studio, she and Bradley were laser-focused on the Countrypolitan sound they had begun developing in the 50's and assembled a solid collection of songs to be their manifesto. With the Jordanaires as a perfect foil (and a better choice than the Anita Kerr Singers as used on the first album), and I Fall To Pieces, Crazy, and a re-recorded version of Walking After Midnight as their tent-pole tracks they delivered big-time. When you consider that she was only able to make one more album before her tragic death 1963, the depth of her influence becomes only more astonishing. K.D. Lang, who is on the list, essentially made her name with a carbon copy of Cline's sound, even down to bringing Owen Bradley in to make it happen. While I love Shadowlands dearly (and more than NPR's choice, Ingenue), attention must be paid to the originator. 



Fotheringay - Fotheringay (1970) Many would agree that Sandy Denny possessed one of the most exquisite instruments in recorded history. And she wielded it just as exquisitely, with a remarkable combination of restraint and deep feeling. While she came to prominence as a member of Fairport Convention, it was in her second act, as putative co-leader (with Trevor Lucas) of Fotheringay, that she made her greatest recordings. Denny wrote or co-wrote six of the nine songs, all among her finest compositions (start with The Sea - it will haunt you) and sang lead on seven, including a stunning arrangement of the traditional song, Banks Of The Nile. Though Fotheringay was a short-lived group, foundering during sessions for a second album, its achievement - and Denny's - stands as a high-water mark for British Folk.

Betty Davis - They Say I'm Different (1974) As Miss Mabry, she was Miles Davis's muse. As Ms. Davis, she helped him update his wardrobe and convinced him of the value of artists like Sly & The Family Stone and Jimi Hendrix, which changed the course of his music - and music in general. But Davis had her own musical visions to realize, the seeds of which were revealed on the fascinating "lost album" released in 2016 as The Columbia Years. But it was when she hit the west coast and recruited members of Santana and Sly & The Family Stone to record her debut that she struck gold, kicking off a run of three albums that are almost interchangeable as far as quality goes. I picked the middle album because it's slightly more assured and features a hand-picked band of young guns, ensuring that Davis was the only diva in the studio. She perfected her combo of stuttering, shiv-sharp funk and vocals that growled, moaned, and insinuated, rarely settling for the ordinary turn of phrase. Nobody had ever heard songs like He Was A Big Freak ("I used to whip him with a purple chain,") or Don't Call Her No Tramp before, but as the missing link between Eartha Kitt and Grace Jones, Betty Davis made the world safe for all kinds of difference. 

Young Marble Giants - Colossal Youth (1980) Punk's Year Zero did a great job of clearing the air, perhaps bearing its greatest fruit in the post-punk era when a wondrous variety of unlikely sonics found not only release but an audience. Young Marble Giants was certainly one of the more unlikely to appear, a pair of brothers, Philip and Stuart Moxham, on bass, guitar, organ, and drum machine accompanying the waifish but curiously sturdy vocals of Alison Statton. Her singing style was seemingly unstudied, one step past saying "Is this thing on?" when approaching the mic, but also full of nuance and detail, as were her lyrics. Such songs as Searching For Mister Right, Wurlitzer Jukebox, and Constantly Changing became instantly iconic - if you were on their wavelength. Statton simultaneously occupied the role of a dispassionate observer, while still making you believe she could be your friend. Through her intimacy and sheer cool, she created a new kind of feminine avatar, and one who seemed to be in a genre of one, as did the band itself. But as with the Velvet Underground's first album, many who bought Colossal Youth put its lessons to use in later years. Courtney Love, for one, who covered Credit In The Straight World on Live Through This, Beth Gibbons of Portishead, for another, as well as recent sensations like Novelty Daughter, Grimes and Purity Ring, who ditched the marvelous Moxham brothers for a laptop, an MPC, and a loop pedal. My classic rock minded friends turned their noses up at YMG, saying it was too simple, that anyone could do it. But no one had - and in that simplicity later generations found agency. It should also be noted that Statton went on to form Weekend, which created a brand of jazzy cafe folk-rock that presaged acts like Everything But The Girl and Sade.

Laurie Spiegel - The Expanding Universe (1980) When the extraterrestrials find the golden LP that was shot into space in 1977 and manage to backward construct a turntable to play it on, I doubt they will concern themselves with the gender of the creatures that produced the sounds they are listening to, if they even have a concept of gender. However, in addition to asking for more Chuck Berry they might also request more Laurie Spiegel, the pioneering electronic musician whose work is included alongside that of the rock & roll legend, along with Bach, Beethoven, and others. The four tracks on the original Expanding Universe were recorded from 1974-1976, each piece assembled after Spiegel had painstakingly written algorithms to activate computer musical instruments developed at Bell Labs. But by the time this collection was released, some of the excitement around the golden record had died down and Spiegel was on her way to obscurity. But thanks to a knowledgeable music supervisor for the first movie in the Hunger Games series, interest was renewed in her atmospheric, richly textured work and an expanded Expanding Universe was issued revealing a far more prolific artist than we had realized. Yet even if we take just the original four tracks, especially the side-long title piece, we would have been introduced to a brave and distinctive sound-world that was far ahead of its time.

Although there are hints above, I'll leave it up to you to decide which five albums should be dropped to make room for these landmark records. The next step I would like to see is to take the 50-75 albums I love on NPR's list and use them as a cudgel to dislodge some of the shibboleth mediocrities from the Rolling Stone list. Then we might really be getting somewhere. Which albums do you think they should make room for?